The current structure of the electricity system is distinguished by significant paradigm shifts with a sharp penetration in intermittent renewable sources, a fragmentation and distribution of production points and the simultaneous movement of the value axis from energy production to the provision of service.
It was within such a rapidly evolving scenario that Terna developed its first Three-Year Innovation, Research and Development Plan in 2015, which structures the company's innovative development strategy.
Smart Grid initiatives refer to developing electricity grids that may be connected to the electricity system or not, with the aim of an “intelligent” management of existing electrical resources both in terms of production (renewables and non-renewables) and loading (domestic and industrial users), and also include any possible storage systems.
The objectives of interventions in this area include:
optimal use of available resources;
introduction and testing of new services;
creation and testing of aggregation tools for production and loading, with possible involvement in the electricity market;
the management of intermittence from renewable sources, more flexible management of the grid;
increasing efficiencies and reducing the cost of electricity;
reduction of polluting emissions with less use of local traditional generation (diesel).