Demand for electricity in Italy
For the third consecutive year, demand for electrical energy in Italy fell. In 2014, the demand for electrical energy in Italy was 309,006 million kWh (provisional data), a drop of -3.0% in comparison with 2013, which, in turn, ended with the same decline compared with 2012. The electricity demand recorded this year takes us back to the same level as the early years of the 21st century.
When comparing the 2014 results with those of the previous year, with same days and temperatures, the above decline was 2.1%. Calendar and temperature effects in this instance are cumulative: in conjunction with an average temperature that was approximately half a degree lower in the summer months and more than two degrees higher in the winter months, 2014, while having the same number of days as 2013, had two fewer working days.
Electricity balance sheet for Italy
|From foreign suppliers||46,724||44,338||2,386||5.4%|
|Sold to foreign clients||3,021||2,200||821||37.3%|
|Total demand in Italy||309,006||318,475||(9,469)||-3,0%|
The trend of electricity requirements in Italy in 2014, compared to the previous year, is shown in the graph below:
In 2014, net Italian production was 267,557 million kWh (provisional data), showing a fall of 4.0% from the previous year. The same production, divided according to source, shows that, in comparison with 2013, there was a fall in the production of thermal energy and an increase in production from renewable sources19 including wind, solar and geothermal. There
was also a sharp increase in hydroelectric production (please see the following table).
Electricity production in Italy
|Net hydro generation||58,067||54,068||3,99||7.4%|
|Net thermal production||165,684||183,404||(17,720)||(9.7%)|
|Net wind, photovoltaic and geothermal production||43,806||41,360||2,446||5.9%|
|Total net production||267,557||278,832||(11,275)||(4.0%)|